Gum (periodontal) disease is caused by bacteria. These bacteria, if left along the gum line, will irritate and inflame the gums. The gums then begin to bleed and swell allowing the bacteria to go deeper under the gum line. If the inflammation is allowed to continue, the bone will begin to demineralize and dissolve. As the bone dissolves around the teeth, the teeth become unsupported and will fall out. Unfortunately, pain does not occur until the final stages of the disease, and treatment at that time has very little chance of being successful. If your gums bleed regularly, seek treatment as soon as possible.
Bleeding gums are an early indicator of gingivitis, or swollen gums, usually caused by plaque and/or calculus accumulated under the gum line. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to bone loss and eventual tooth loss. Gingivitis can be reversed within a few weeks by proper brushing and flossing. If bleeding persists 10 to 14 days, contact our office.